Virtual Capacitor Control: Mitigation of DC Voltage Fluctuations in MMC-based HVDC Systems
The Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) have emerged as the most suitable converter technology for HVDC application. Besides the recognized advantages over conventional VSCs, one of the remarkable features of the MMC is its ability to store energy in the istributed sub-module capacitors.This important feature can be used to mitigate the fluctuations of the DC voltage, which is inherently volatile against power disturbances compared to the frequency of conventional AC systems. This paper proposes a novel control strategy, named Virtual Capacitor Control, which enables to utilize the energy storage capability of the MMC to attenuate voltage fluctuations of HVDC systems. With the proposed control, the MMC behaves as if there were a physical capacitor whose size is adjustable and can be even bigger than the physical capacitor embedded in the converter. This control allows the system operator to optionally adjust this virtual capacitor of each MMC station, and thus it provides an additional degree of freedom to the HVDC system operation. The EMT simulations of a 401-level MMC-based HVDC link system show the effectiveness of the proposed control to improve DC voltage transient dynamics.
K. Shinoda, A. Benchaib, J. Dai and X.Guillaud
Published in: IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery (Volume: PP, Issue: 99)
Date of Publication: 06 July 2017