CFD Investigation of Complex Phenomena in S-Shape Region of Reversible Pump-Turbine
Pumped Storage Plants (PSP) using reversible pump-turbines offer the possibility to store large amounts of energy with high efficiency and at reasonable cost. For reversible high head pump-turbines, the characteristic curves exhibit an S-shape in the turbine, turbine break and reverse pump quadrants. This S-shape leads to unstable behavior of the turbine when coupling to the grid (for small guide vane opening) or to surge transient phenomena in case of emergency shutdown (for large guide vane opening). Typically the piping system can be exposed to severe pressure oscillations. Furthermore, the flow inside the pump-turbine is characterized by unsteady complex hydrodynamic phenomena. These phenomena have to be deeply investigated to improve the behavior of the pump-turbine in such operating conditions.
This paper focuses on the numerical analysis of the flow in a reversible pump-turbine in the S-shape region. For this application, we used unsteady computation applying the SAS-SST turbulence model and considered a full computational domain that includes all the component of the pump-turbine. The study highlights the evolution of the flow behavior for a large range of operating conditions: from the optimal efficiency point to the zero discharge condition, for a given constant guide vane opening.
C. JACQUET1, R. FORTES-PATELLA1, L. BALARAC2 and J-B. HOUDELINE2
SuperGrid Institute, 130 rue Leon Blum, 69100 Villeurbanne, France
GE Renewable Energy, 82 avenue Leon Blum, 38041 Grenoble, France
AIRH 2016 GRENOBLE : 28th IAHR symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems
4-8th July 2016