This paper presents an overview of the dc–dc power converters dedicated to HVdc proposing a classification based on their structure. Two large families are established: those which provide galvanic isolation, and those which do not. Several subfamilies are also proposed. An overview of the main HVdc applications that can be targeted with each family is also presented, highlighting the main converter requirements for each application case.
This paper provides a fault analysis of bipolar overhead line based HVDC grids using HB-MMC converters. The impacts of fault type and fault resistance are shown and the physical behaviour of the transient fault return current is explained.
Power system stability enhancement via VSC-HVDC control using remote signals: Application on the Nordic 44-bus test system
In this paper the benefits of embedded VSC-HVDC links with supplementary controls for small-signal stability enhancement purposes using remote signals are studied and applied on the Nordic Grid.
This paper presents a methodology to consider the impedance of a grid in power hardware in the loop (PHIL) experiments to validate power converter control in presence of harmonics or resonances in the network impedance. As the phenomena to emulate are in a large frequency range, the skin effect in conductors has to be taken into account. A procedure is developed to model the network.
This paper presents a methodology for the modelling of a 25 kV-50 Hz railway infrastructure, for frequencies from 0 to 5 kHz. It aims to quantify the amplifications of current and voltage harmonics generated by on-board converters into the infrastructure. A circuit is developed to model the skin effect in the overhead line for time-domain simulations. A new approach, based on state space representation and transfer functions, is also proposed to analyse the interactions between trains.
The rational insulation design of a resistive superconducting fault current limiter (r-SCFCL) requires data gathered from experimental setups representative of the final apparatus. Therefore, an experimental study was performed to characterize the electrical breakdown (BD) of liquid nitrogen (LN2) in the peculiar conditions of a quenching superconducting device.
Arc appearance and cathode spot distribution in a long gap high-current vacuum arc controlled by an external axial magnetic field
An experimental study of a high-current vacuum arc (VA) generated between two static CuCr25 contacts spaced 20 or 30 mm apart was conducted to characterize the arc appearance and the cathode spot (CS) distribution.
The objective of this study is to propose a methodology for the transient stability assessment of a simple but representative AC grid in case of DC fault. After validation of the methodology, some HVDC link protection criteria are defined in terms of the Critical Time to Return to Operation. These criteria will be helpful for the design of HVDC protection systems or for the sizing of future HVDC links in order to respect the constraints of the existing protection strategies.
In accordance with their interesting properties, ionic liquids (ILs) have attracted in the recent years a great interest in the material field. Recently, few authors have demonstrated the reactivity of ionic liquids towards epoxy in order to form new epoxy-based networks...
AC Grid Forming by Coordinated Control of Offshore Wind Farm connected to Diode Rectifier based HVDC Link-Review and Assessment of Solutions
This paper reviews a few of the major control solutions for AC grid forming and operation of DR-HVDC based OWFs. Then these solutions are compared based on their approach in solving the major challenges involved.