With the development of wide bandgap semiconductors, voltage ratings of 10kV and more become realistic. As a consequence, it is now mandatory to propose a suitable packaging. Ceramic-metal substrates are an established technology for voltages up to 3.3kV, but they exhibit some weaknesses for higher voltages.
The failure mode of press-pack-type packages dedicated to SiC devices is experimentally analyzed in order to investigate their use for HVDC applications. Single SiC Schottky diode samples have been submitted to short-circuit conditions and continuous current flow test.
A protection strategy for Multi-terminal HVDC (MTDC) grids based on AC/DC converters without fault handling capability such as half-bridge MMC converters is presented in this paper. The key components of the proposed strategy consist of DC breakers located at each converter station DC side and at each transmission line (overhead line or cable) end, all of them based on low-speed mechanical DC breaker technology with no fault current limiting devices.
Self-commuted Voltage Source Converter (VSC) can significantly extend the flexibility and operability of HVDC system and be used to implement the concept of Multi-Terminal HVDC (MTDC) grid. In order to take full advantage of MTDC systems, its overall behavior must be characterized in quasi static and dynamic states.
Stability is a primordial concern of power systems. From the generator point of view, it means that the machine must be able to attain an equilibrium state (possibly the pre-fault state) once the system is back to normal operation.
The Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) is a most promising converter technology for the High Voltage DC application. The complex topology of the MMC requires several additional controllers to balance the energy in the capacitors which are distributed all over the converter.
The complex topology of the Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) requires some additional controllers to keep its functionalities. One of the important requirements on the MMC control is to balance the energy stored in the distributed capacitors in the arms on the three legs.
Thanks to scalability, performance and efficiency, the Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC), since its invention, becomes an attractive topology in industrial applications such as high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission system.
In this work, a novel dynamic models for MMC is proposed. The proposed models are intended to simplify modeling challenges related to the high number of switching elements in the MMC. The models can be easily used to simulate the converter for stability analysis or protection algorithms for HVDC grids.